5 Things You Must Know Before Planning A Trip To Europe

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Europe is a magical wonderland. Within a day you could pass through several different countries and cultures without pulling out your passport or even hopping off a train.

But it’s not all majestic Swiss mountains, stunning French Riviera and ancient Roman ruins. There are things you need to know, things you need to plan for, and these 5 are the ones you must know before you go.


1. Seasons

Many countries actually spend half the year gearing up for the tourist season. During this lead up there is not a lot happening or even open so visiting out of season can be disappointing and frustrating. The Greek Islands, for example, are in full swing May to October, but outside of this you will find sleepy villages with only a handful of open restaurants catering to the local crowd.

Even Sunny Beach in Bulgaria was a ghost town when we arrived in May - shops closed, one restaurant open, no one by the pool. When June hit the resort town had made a miraculous transformation with stores suddenly opening, every restaurant buzzing and sunbeds by the pool getting snapped up before 10am. It’s almost like everyone got the same memo at the same time.

Check the seasons of the place you want to visit and make sure you will find more places to eat then just your hotel. With that in mind be wary of off-season discounts that look too good to be true… this might be the reason why.


2. Getting Around

In a lot of places flights seem the only way to traverse such vast countryside, especially countries like Australia with relatively little to visit in between the nation’s major cities.

Europe has no such problem. Of course you can fly and most flights are less then a few hours. Also with the cheap airlines these days like Ryanair, EasyJet and WizzAir, flying has become so much more accessible to everyone.

But Europe also has a highly developed railway system that can transfer you from London to Paris to Venice to Vienna and back again. You can board the train in Bulgaria at 9pm and sleep comfortably arriving in the morning in Romania. It’s a convenient way to see Europe - fast and scenic. Eurail offer handy monthly tickets or you can just purchase as you go. Keep in mind reservations may be required for some trains.

Perhaps you prefer to road trip. We did a 1-month road trip across Italy, France and Spain, which was just breathtaking (especially when the French police stole our car!). You can drive through countries without showing a passport and it is so serene being in Italy one day and then checking in on Facebook in France the same day. Including a lunch stop in Monaco and you’ve done three countries in one day. In Australia the same amount of driving would still have you in the same state! Tolls can be expensive though, as well as fuel,so weight up the costs and benefits before setting off.

If you like the idea of a road trip but don’t want to drive, then hop on one of the many bus tours making their way around the countries. My sister did this method and raves about the people she meet and the places she visited, all while just looking out the window. Organised tours can be a pain in the ass if you are wanting more out of each destination, but as a classic European overview for first timers, it’s definitely an easier option.


3. Budget Vs Expense

There are two halves of Europe – the West and the East. The West is where you will find sipping coffee in Paris costs a pretty penny or eating chocolates in Switzerland costing more then your lunch. But it is worth it and the experiences you find in those places more then makes up for the euros that slip through your fingers.

The East consists of places like Bulgaria and Romania, where the food is cheap and beer can cost USD $0.75. They might not have an Eiffel Tower to take a selfie in front of, but they have a rich history and equally beautiful landscape that is worth a visit. They also make a great place to save up those pennies for the Western portion of Europe. 


4. Schengen Vs Non-Schengen

This helpful solution to passport control can turn nightmare if you don’t plan ahead. With 26 countries now involved in the Schengen agreement, it makes slow travel between them harder.


If you do not hold a European or UK passport then you must abide by Schengen rules which dictates you can only stay in the collection of countries that make up the Schengen area up to a period of 90 days within 180 days.

This means that if you plan on being in Europe for 6 months you can only spend 3 of them in those 26 countries (as of this publish date). The other 3 months have to be spent in non-Schengen countries until the 180 days is complete and resets, and then you can go back in.

Schengen countries include:

  • Austria
  • Belgium
  • Czech Republic
  • Denmark
  • Estonia
  • Finland
  • France
  • Germany
  • Greece
  • Hungary
  • Iceland
  • Italy
  • Latvia
  • Liechtenstein
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Malta
  • Netherlands
  • Norway
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Slovakia
  • Slovenia
  • Spain
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland

Places you can hide out until your visa resets (as of this publish date) is – Croatia, Bulgaria, Romania, Turkey, UK.

We’ve heard, from numerous places, that there are ways to get around this by leaving through less stringent countries in Southern Europe or trying to avoid the entry stamp, but none are 100% full proof and we have not been willing to take the risk. I also hear there is a small 1 week leeway if you’ve gone overtime, but anything over may draw suspicions and potentially fines.


5. Language

There are 84 languages spoken in Europe (plus more localised dialects), and the European Union recognises 24 official “working” languages. So you need to be aware that English might not get you as far as you want. Many European countries do speak some English. You can get by in Italy and SpainBulgaria and Hungary, but we really struggled in France and Germany.


If you are proficient playing Pictionary or just using hand signals in general and communication doesn’t bother you too much, then I guess this point doesn’t need too much consideration. But if you are looking for an easier place to travel around then check the spoken and written language and review the above graphic. It may be an exhausting endeavour to drive through a country with characters on street signs you can’t decipher, or an adventure. It’s up to you how you approach it.

There are so many places to see in Europe, a well laid out plan won’t go astray. But make sure you leave room for the spontaneous and unplannable, because life is always that much sweeter when we accept those surprises. 

Reader Comments...

"I respond to every comment by direct private email. I look forward to your feedback" -

Thanks for the tips! My flight to Germany leaves in 16 hours!

Hannah@GettingStamped Jun 23rd, 2014

I never had any language issues in Germany, and I stayed in a small village too. But definitely did in France. They know English but just do not want to speak it.

Martina Jun 24th, 2014

Great post Erin with some really important tips for Europe, especially the visa stuff. It is easy to get caught out as you travel around between countries thinking you are out of the zone.

We absolute love the train system of Europe. Such an awesome way to see the place… usually at 300kms per hour!!

Nat Smith Jun 24th, 2014

I love the fact that you've flagged up train travel as a great way to get around Europe. Not only is it much more comfortable than getting on and off planes, it can also be a lot more exciting and stressless when travelling with children. There's plenty of changing landscapes for them to look out at, and generally more space for playing travel games as many trains come with table seating. Great post!

Hannah at Citybase Apartments Sep 24th, 2014

Great post, especially since I'm currently in Europe. You're right about the languages thing, I'm finding in Southern Italy (Sicily), hardly anyone speaks English. I'm not in a touristy area, so that is part of it, but my pictionary skills are becoming legendary!

Adrian of Adrian's Travel Tales Sep 24th, 2014

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